Andriy Kobolyev, CEO of Naftogaz, discussed risks associated with the Nord Stream 2 project initiated by Gazprom and several European energy suppliers. The discussion was held at the "Nord Stream 2 - Energy Union at the Crossroads" conference held in the European Parliament this week.
"Like the Trojan Horse, the Nord Stream 2 is wrapped as a gift but is designed to weaken the EU from within," stated Kobolyev.
The project does not help to diversify gas supply in the EU as it does not provide access to new sources of gas. It will cause redirection of gas flows from existing routes that bring gas to the CEE and will lead to a rapid demise of these routes. This will result in a massive concentration of the delivery of Russian gas to the EU in Germany.
This change of gas market landscape will create new opportunities for Gazprom to abuse its dominant market position and harm energy security in the EU. Most countries of Central, Eastern and Southern Europe heavily depend on Russian gas and have limited or no alternative sources of gas supply. If Nord Stream 2 is built, their bargaining position against Gazprom will further deteriorate.
When gas deficit is created, Russia will be able to use its control over the scarce resource to force political concessions from leadership of these countries. This, in turn, can be used as an instrument to antagonize EU member states and threaten the EU.
"Ukraine operated in the "gas for loyalty" conditions for many years. In the result, we were charged some of the highest gas prices in Europe and were limited in our policy choices. Our results in the past two years demonstrate that diversification of suppliers and improving interconnectivity with neighboring markets are much more reasonable, both politically and financially. We are surprised to see the EU considering the opposite strategy with the Nord Stream 2 project", commented Naftogaz CEO.